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Signs of dementia

As you may know, dementia is not disease but is actually a collective expression of symptoms which have resulted from damages to the brain. The symptoms and their severity will mostly depend on what is causing the dementia itself and, combined with a person’s overall health, will dictate the speed of deterioration.

1. Difficulty completing everyday tasks


This may be one of the less obvious symptoms of dementia but should be taken seriously nevertheless. Tasks which may have been completed with ease before may take the person longer to finish, or may be left unfinished if there is a sense of frustration. For example, someone might find it more challenging to sort their money out whilst paying for shopping or they may find it difficult to grasp the rules of a new game. As well as everyday tasks, their ability to learn new skills or understand the processes behind a new task may indicate that something is wrong.

2. Changes in mood


Although this one may be hard to notice in yourself, the shift in someone else’s mood is often a strong indicator that they are experiencing changes to their brain. The most common change in mood often manifests itself in depression, or a general sense of low mood which impacts their everyday life. Alongside these changes, there can also be a change in how someone approaches others. Someone who may have been shy and reserved may begin to be more confident and outgoing as a result of their judgment being impaired.

3. Apathy


As well as depression, someone’s general willingness towards tasks and everyday life may be impacted. They may lose interest in hobbies or activities that, before the onset of dementia, they were passionate about and looked forward to. Dementia can deter someone from wanting to leave the house and have fun; instead, they may prefer to stay inside and opt out of social interactions with friends and family.

4. Repetitiveness


When noticing changes in someone, repetitiveness may be one of the most easily recognisable symptoms. Someone may carry out a task such as cooking or making a note of something more than once if they are experiencing cognitive impairments. Repeating questions in conversations after they have been answered is also a common symptom. This can lead to frustration for all involved but can leave the dementia sufferer feeling confused and bewildered.

5. Difficulty adapting to change


In the early stages of dementia, someone noticing these changes in themselves can lead to a sense of panic and fear. All of a sudden, they may not be able to recognise people they once knew or they may lose the ability to navigate routes they were once familiar with. As a result of this, having a routine in place becomes imperative meaning that any slight changes to this cause a fearful and negative reaction. 

If you’re worried that someone you know or care for may be suffering from dementia, there are many ways for you to receive support and guidance. Contact us today to find out more.